Description flag of Bulgaria
three equal horizontal bands of white (top), green and red
the national emblem, formerly on the hoist side of the white stripe, has been removed
Republika Balgariya (long)
Bulgarian(s) (noun) Balgariya (adjective)
Bulgarian 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)
7,262,675 ranked 98, (data 2008)
strategic location near Turkish Straits; controls key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia. The lowest point is Black Sea 0 m.
1,808km, Greece 494 km, Macedonia 148 km, Romania 608 km, Serbia 318 km, Turkey 240 km.
28 provinces (oblasti, singular - oblast); Blagoevgrad, Burgas, Dobrich, Gabrovo, Khaskovo, Kurdzhali, Kyustendil, Lovech, Montana, Pazardzhik, Pernik, Pleven, Plovdiv, Razgrad, Ruse, Shumen, Silistra, Sliven, Smolyan, Sofiya, Sofiya-Grad, Stara Zagora, Turgovishte, Varna, Veliko Turnovo, Vidin, Vratsa, Yambol
3 March 1878 (as an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire); 22 September 1908 (complete independence from the Ottoman Empire)