Description flag of Switzerland
red square with a bold, equilateral white cross in the center that does not extend to the edges of the flag
Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German); Confederation Suisse (French); Confederazione Svizzera (Italian); Confederaziun Svizra (Romansh) (long)
Schweiz (German); Suisse (French); Svizzera (Italian); Svizra (Romansh) (short)
Swiss (singular and plural) (noun) Schweiz (German); Suisse (French); Svizzera (Italian); Svizra (Romansh) (adjective)
German (official) 63.7%, French (official) 20.4%, Italian (official) 6.5%, Serbo-Croatian 1.5%, Albanian 1.3%, Portuguese 1.2%, Spanish 1.1%, English 1%, Romansch (official) 0.5%, other 2.8% (2000 census)
German, French, Italian, and Romansch are all national and official languages
formally a confederation but similar in structure to a federal republic
7,581,520 ranked 97, (data 2008)
crossroads of northern and southern Europe; along with southeastern France, northern Italy, and southwestern Austria, has the highest elevations in the Alps. The lowest point is Lake Maggiore 195 m.
1,852km, Austria 164 km, France 573 km, Italy 740 km, Liechtenstein 41 km, Germany 334 km.
26 cantons, singular - canton in French; cantoni, singular - cantone in Italian; Kantone, singular - Kanton in German); Aargau, Appenzell Ausser-Rhoden, Appenzell Inner-Rhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bern, Fribourg, Geneve, Glarus, Graubunden, Jura, Luzern, Neuchatel, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Sankt Gallen, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, Thurgau, Ticino, Uri, Valais, Vaud, Zug, Zurich
6 of the cantons - Appenzell Ausser-Rhoden, Appenzell-Inner-Rhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Nidwalden, Obwalden - are styled half cantons because they elect only one member to the Council of States and, in popular referendums where a majority of popular votes and a majority of cantonal votes are required, these six cantons only have a half vote
1 August 1291 (founding of the Swiss Confederation)