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Germany flag information

Description flag of Germany

three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red and gold

Related country flags

Related continent flag

Official country name

Federal Republic of Germany

Short name


Local names

Bundesrepublik Deutschland (long)
Deutschland (short)

Former name

German Empire, German Republic, German Reich


German(s) (noun) Deutschland (adjective)

Languages spoken




Government type

federal republic


82,369,552 ranked 17, (data 2008)


strategic location on North European Plain and along the entrance to the Baltic Sea. The lowest point is Neuendorf bei Wilster -3.54 m.


Coastline 2,389 km.

Land borders

3,621km, Austria 784 km, Belgium 167 km, Czech Republic 646 km, Denmark 68 km, France 451 km, Luxembourg 138 km, Netherlands 577 km, Poland 456 km, Switzerland 334 km.

Administrative divisions

16 states (Laender, singular - Land); Baden-Wuerttemberg, Bayern (Bavaria), Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania), Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony), Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia), Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate), Saarland, Sachsen (Saxony), Sachsen-Anhalt (Saxony-Anhalt), Schleswig-Holstein, Thueringen (Thuringia); note - Bayern, Sachsen, and Thueringen refer to themselves as free states (Freistaaten, singular - Freistaat)


18 January 1871 (German Empire unification); divided into four zones of occupation (UK, US, USSR, and later, France) in 1945 following World War II; Federal Republic of Germany (FRG or West Germany) proclaimed 23 May 1949 and included the former UK, US, and French zones; German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany) proclaimed 7 October 1949 and included the former USSR zone; unification of West Germany and East Germany took place 3 October 1990; all four powers formally relinquished rights 15 March 1991