Description flag of Italy
three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white and red; similar to the flag of Ireland, which is longer and is green (hoist side), white and orange; also similar to the flag of the Cote d'Ivoire, which has the colors reversed - orange (hoist side), white and green; inspired by the French flag brought to Italy by Napoleon in 1797
Repubblica Italiana (long)
Italian(s) (noun) Italia (adjective)
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
58,145,320 ranked 25, (data 2008)
strategic location dominating central Mediterranean as well as southern sea and air approaches to Western Europe. The lowest point is Mediterranean Sea 0 m.
1,899km, Austria 430 km, France 488 km, Holy See (Vatican City) 3.2 km, San Marino 39 km, Slovenia 199 km, Switzerland 740 km.
15 regions (regioni, singular - regione) and 5 autonomous regions* (regioni autonome, singular - regione autonoma); Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia*, Lazio (Latium), Liguria, Lombardia, Marche, Molise, Piemonte (Piedmont), Puglia (Apulia), Sardegna* (Sardinia), Sicilia*, Toscana (Tuscany), Trentino-Alto Adige* (Trentino-South Tyrol), Umbria, Valle d'Aosta* (Aosta Valley), Veneto (Venetia)
17 March 1861 (Kingdom of Italy proclaimed; Italy was not finally unified until 1870)