Description flag of Somalia
light blue with a large white five-pointed star in the center; blue field influenced by the flag of the UN
Jamhuuriyada Demuqraadiga Soomaaliyeed (long)
Somali Republic, Somali Democratic Republic
Somali(s) (noun) Soomaaliya (adjective)
Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English
no permanent national government; transitional, parliamentary federal government
9,558,666 ranked 87, (data 2008)
strategic location on Horn of Africa along southern approaches to Bab el Mandeb and route through Red Sea and Suez Canal. The lowest point is Indian Ocean 0 m.
2,340km, Djibouti 58 km, Ethiopia 1,600 km, Kenya 682 km.
18 regions (plural - NA, singular - gobolka); Awdal, Bakool, Banaadir, Bari, Bay, Galguduud, Gedo, Hiiraan, Jubbada Dhexe, Jubbada Hoose, Mudug, Nugaal, Sanaag, Shabeellaha Dhexe, Shabeellaha Hoose, Sool, Togdheer, Woqooyi Galbeed
1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland, which became independent from the UK on 26 June 1960, and Italian Somaliland, which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960, to form the Somali Republic)