Description flag of Panama
divided into four, equal rectangles; the top quadrants are white (hoist side) with a blue five-pointed star in the center and plain red; the bottom quadrants are plain blue (hoist side) and white with a red five-pointed star in the center
Republica de Panama (long)
Panamanian(s) (noun) Panama (adjective)
Spanish (official), English 14%
many Panamanians bilingual
3,309,679 ranked 137, (data 2008)
strategic location on eastern end of isthmus forming land bridge connecting North and South America; controls Panama Canal that links North Atlantic Ocean via Caribbean Sea with North Pacific Ocean. The lowest point is Pacific Ocean 0 m.
555km, Colombia 225 km, Costa Rica 330 km.
11 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 territory* (comarca); Bocas del Toro, Comarca Kuna Yala, Comarca Ngobe-Bugle, Chiriqui, Cocle, Colon, Darien, Herrera, Los Santos, Panama, San Blas*(Kuna Yala), and Veraguas
3 November 1903 (from Colombia; became independent from Spain 28 November 1821)