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Canada flag information

Description flag of Canada

two vertical bands of red (hoist and fly side, half width), with white square between them; an 11-pointed red maple leaf is centered in the white square; the official colors of Canada are red and white

Related country flags

Short name



Canadian(s) (noun) 0 (adjective)

Languages spoken

English (official) 59.3%, French (official) 23.2%, other 17.5%



Government type

constitutional monarchy that is also a parliamentary democracy and a federation


33,212,696 ranked 39, (data 2008)


second-largest country in world (after Russia); strategic location between Russia and US via north polar route; approximately 90% of the population is concentrated within 160 km of the US border. The lowest point is Atlantic Ocean 0 m.


Coastline 202,080 km.

Land borders

8,893km, US 8,893 km (includes 2,477 km with Alaska).

Administrative divisions

10 provinces and 3 territories*; Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories*, Nova Scotia, Nunavut*, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory*


1 July 1867 (union of British North American colonies); 11 December 1931 (recognized by UK)